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SUNGJA-DO
TRAINING PRINCIPLES & EXERCISES

CONCEPTS

Concepts are ways of doing things in an orderly or disorderly manner, by using the attributes you have.


ATTRIBUTES

Your Skills, Strengths, Abilities, Speed, etc.


DESTRUCTION

An entry, a way of entering your opponent's circle. From a destruction flow into whatever Art/System is applicable at that time.
Example:

  • From a destruction you may use a straight-through blast from Wing Chun using the CENTER LINE THEORY, if there is no block.
  • From a destruction you may use a joint-lock or arm bar as in Hapkido or Aiki-Jujitsu, if there is an obstruction (block).


TYPES OF DESTRUCTION  From FILIPINO KALI

  • Horizontal Gunting

  • Vertical Gunting

  • Rear Elbow Gunting

  • Eye Jab

  • Front Elbow Gunting

GUNTING

  •  
       
         
           
             
              Striking at specific points such as:

              Biceps, Triceps, Fist, Forearm, Eyes, Throat, Etc..


              • Example: Against a lead jab
                Vertical Gunting with Elbow (striking his fist with an upward elbow) into an Eye Jab with the same arm/hand. If blocked, come under the block with a wedge (the other hand) and jab to the eyes, then go into a trapping action (slap, block and grab), strike to neck, grab head and pull it into a strike with back elbow, then outer elbow with opposite elbow, then headbutt, grabbing head and pull into a knee strike while turning his body, then twist his head further into a takedown and follow-up.

               

            • Use a destruction as a first shot.
            • Zone away from the opponent's rear hand.
            • Do not equate against the technique. Equate against the line of attack. Attack the angle not the technique. Keep hands up in protective posture.
            • Use a Stop-Hit if the opponent winds up to punch or kick.
              • Example: Finger-jab to eyes, Kick to shin or knee.
            • Sensitivity training is a must.
              • Example: Chi-sao from Wing Chun or Kublah from The Filipino Arts.
              • Example of Kublah: Raise--Slap--Hit!
                • Right hand lead
                • Left hand lead


              FOUR RANGES OF FIGHTING

              Kicking

              Punching

              Trapping

              Grappling


              To defend against kicks, one must know how to kick. If you know the mechanics of the kick, then you know where the kick can come from.

              Some defenses used in various systems for kicks all look similar, but may have subtle little differences in execution.


              KALI

              STRAIGHT LINE KICKS

              • (Side Kick, Front Kick)
                • Low---Just pick up Knee and move into Trapping Range
                • Middle---Check Kick and Downward Gunting with Elbow.
                • High---Check kick and strike with upward knee to kicking leg (into a kick to his Groin or supporting leg or kicking leg Thigh).

              SPIN TYPE KICKS

              Use a STOP HIT to his butt during training, but to his spine or lower back on streets.

              CIRCULAR KICKS

              (Roundhouse Kick, Crescent)

              • Low---Pick up Knee and use knee to Block or strike his shin.
              • Middle---Use of Elbow Gunting to Nerves on outside of leg.
              • High---Check with Hand or Forearm and use Elbow Gunting to Rake Inner Shin.

              SILAT

              Front Kick (Entry)

              • Low---Scoop or hit to outside or inside.
              • Middle---Scoop or hit to outside or inside.
              • High---Hit to enter outside or inside

              Side Kick (Entry)

              • Low
                • A. Bend Knee out of way.
                • B. Downward Gunting with Backfist.
              • Middle
                • Downward Gunting with Backfist or Elbow.
                • Scoop and Raise.
              • High
                • Lean back and Kick Groin or leg itself.
                • Backhand Gunting to Calf or Thigh.

              Round Kick (Entry)

              • Low---Block with Point of Knee.
              • Middle---Slide or step 45 degrees in the direction of Kick- Use left arm to wrap over his leg as a right hand checks leg.
              • High---Slide or step 45 degrees in the direction of Kick---Use left to shelve under his Kick---Use right to check Kick.

              HAPKIDO


              Front Kick

              • Left 45 degrees outside step, catch under his ankle with Right Elbow Bend, left hand applies pressure to his Knee and Take Down.
              • Block with Double Palm-Heel and convert it into X-Block Grab, Right Front Snap Kick to the Back of his Kicking leg, Right Round Kick to the Face.
              • Left 45 degrees outside step, Right arm circles under his leg, Drive a Right Palm-Heel to his chest and Take Down.
              • Execute Any Block, Drop Knee-Lock Take Down.


              Side Kick

              • Execute Foot Trap, twist his Ankle to the Right and Throw.
              • Drop Spinning Heel Kick.
              • Right Inside-Out Parry, Right side snap Kick to Knee, Right Hook Kick to Head.
              • Trap as in Hapkido-A above, Twist him to the ground Face First, Left leg steps over his leg, locking his Knee and Toes.

              Round Kick

              • Left Parry Grab, Right arm wraps over his Thigh, execute Right leg Sweep Throw over your Right leg.
              • Right hand Blocks the Inside of his Knee as the Left hand Blocks his Shin, Fold his Knee and Take Down.
              • Left Inside-Out Block, Right Palm-Heel to Chest and Right Inner leg Reap.
              • Left Inside-Out Parry Grab, do a Right Hook Kick under and Backover his leg, bend his Knee and Take Down, Turn your Right Back Hip toward him and Pin.



              Spin Heel Kick

              • Pivot with Kick and execute Low Spinning Leg Sweep to anchor leg.
              • Right Inside-Out Block and Grab, execute Left leg Sweep and Throw over your left leg.


              Hook Kick

              • Right Inside-Out Block, Left Hand Grabs his Right hand, execute Major Hand Throw.
              • Right Inside-Out Block and Grab, Left Knee Lift Kick to inside of his Right Thigh, Left Side Kick to the Inside of his Left Knee.

              SILAT (Entries)

              • Split Entry
                Split Entry: ***One hand inside and one hand outside

               

              • Inside Entry

              • Outside Entry

               


                Exercises Against Left Lead hand Jab:
                • Trap with Right hand on outside and Hit Face with Left hand.
                • Trap with Right hand on outside and Hit or Check his Back Shoulder.
                • Trap with Right hand outside and Check his Rear arm/Fist with Left hand.
                • Trap with Right hand outside and Hit his Rear Arm/Fist with Left.


              • Inside Entry: *** Both Hands Inside Opponents.
                • Parry with Left hand (Rear Hand), Right Backhand Horizontal Gunting to his Punching Bicep, then use left hand to Check his Rear Arm.
                • Same as above, but hit his Rear Arm.
                • Parry with left (Rear Hand), Right strike to his Face and Check his Rear Arm with your Left.
                • Same as above, but Hit his Rear Arm.

              SILAT TECHNIQUES

              1. Bent Elbow Lever:

                Go under and lift jab or cross, that are stiff and unyielding, up and out of the way by moving in with a foot shuffle. Move face by slapping and turning it, put lead elbow on chest roughly or on his hip crease and twist your upper body clockwise only if lead is right hand. Counter-clockwise if lead is left hand.
              2. Jerking Throw (Bandak) with Elbow
              3. Jerking Throw with Shoulder

                Bandak Examples for 2 and 3, From a Split Entry.

                The hand that strikes the face goes to the elbow (shoulder) joint, clasp hands and jerk back and downward, take down and control.

              4. Arm wrap over his arm with forward drop.
              5. Arm wrap over his arm with a 90 degree turn and drop.
              6. Arm wrap over his arm with a forward drop and added leg sweep (in case the drop didn't work).
                Arm Wrap Definition
                With a light check with the rear hand, use front hand to go over his arm and wrap it tight, while moving body forward to get him off balance.
              7. Control his neck: jump straight back and drop using your body weight and momentum.
              8. Control his neck: grab the neck then run (back or laterally), jump and use body weight.
              9. Grab his bicep: drop with body weight.
              10. Grab his head: drop with body weight.
              11. Grab his pants at the hip: drop with body weight.
              12. From behind: grab the neck and drop using body weight.
              13. From behind: grab the head and drop with body weight.
              14. From behind: jump up and drive both elbows down into the collar bone areas.
              15. Outside sweep: place your foot outside and behind his heel. Turn his body clockwise if the lead is the right. Counter-clockwise if the lead is the left.
              16. Inside head turn with palm-heel to the jaw. (steering wheel in Hapkido).

              SILAT TRAINING DRILLS

              Trapping Range Kicks: Kick only to waist level and below. Use partner with shin guards or if no partner, use Coach type bag.

              • Oblique kick: use like low scoop kick from Hapkido. Train on shin, but use knees as target in the street.
              • Rear leg hook kick (roundkick with toes): to kidney-turn hip first , then kick to thigh--use toe for "Savate Kick", use shin for "Muay Thai Kick".
              • Focus pad elbow training at close range:
                • Standing: lead elbow or rear elbow (horizontal, vertical, diagonal)
                • Kneeling:
                  • both knees on floor
                  • One Knee on Floor

                   

              • On All Entries (Split, Inside, Outside) Pull his Lead hand Down and go over it to hit the Focus Glove with Elbow. (USE POINT OF ELBOW)

              KALI TRAINING EXERCISES:

              Partner holds two Focus Pads and sometimes simulates strikes to you so that you have to "Bob and Weave", "Duck or Evade" by some other means.

              • JAB, CROSS, HOOK
              • JAB, CROSS, HOOK, HOOK
              • JAB, CROSS, HOOK, ELBOW
              • JAB, CROSS, HOOK, ELBOW, ELBOW
              • JAB, CROSS, HOOK, ELBOW, GRAB HEAD, KNEE
              • PAT, HORIZONTAL GUNTING, EYE FLICK
              • PAT, VERTICAL GUNTING, EYE FLICK

              FOOTWORK

              Kali, JKD, Kempo, and Fencing All have Basically The same Footwork.

              1. Forward advance: front foot moves first, then rear foot follows, immediately like a shadow.
              2. Back step: front foot moves backwards first, then rear foot moves back.
              3. Left step: (right foot forward) step with rear foot to left then front foot skips into place.
              4. Right step: (right foot forward) step to right with front foot, then rear foot skips into place.

                NOTE: In actuality, when moving fast, both feet move simultaneously.

Copyright 1990-2010 by ISA Consultation Group